Updated: Mar 29, 2022
Automation testing is no more a naïve skill and it is now an inclusive part of the software development lifecycle (SDLC). More and more companies are trusting automation testing for the quality of their software development and want to introduce automation as early as possible to maximize its benefits. However, one common mistake we do here is not realizing that automation implementation or framework development is an engineering process and should itself have its own development lifecycle. The standards followed should be no different from standards followed in developing any business software application. Then why don't we follow all the best practices a development team follows to develop software application while developing automation framework? A poorly developed or implemented automation solution will -
Never meet its objective,
Difficult to manage and implement,
Decreases the benefits automation testing can offer.
Hence automation testing is not just a side activity along with manual testing, it has to have a focused strategy to implement in the project.
Automation Testing Implementation Guide
Following are the steps that can define step by step approach to implement automation testing. The approach questions the need for automation in the first place and also gives the answers on how to implement automation testing in the best possible way.
1. Gather requirements for automation/check the need for automation
Even when software is tested multiple times, new defects can introduce throughout the lifecycle of the software as new versions of the software are built and delivered. Hence there is a considerable effort in retesting existing functionality due to changes. Testing the impacted functionality due to changes is called regression testing. Thus, regression testing if needs to be repeated multiple times then automation testing is the best way to make the testing process much more effective and efficient.
2. Understand the automation testing implementation life-cycle
4. Create an automation Test plan
An automation test plan is a detailed document that describes the automation test scope, objectives, goals, estimations, resources required and enlists the responsibilities of the automation testing team members. An automation test plan acts as a blueprint to conduct automation testing in a project. It also contains risks and contingency planning.
5. Define automation scope
The functionality of the Application Under Test (AUT) which will be automated defines the scope of Automation Testing. The items of the AUT which will be automated are In-Scope items and the other items which will not be automated are Out-Scope items.
There are several parameters on the basis of which the items to be included in the scope are decided :
Automation is useful for repetitive tasks.
The scenarios which require a large human effort can be included in t